Internet Detectives A New Breed Of Super Sleuths

By Bruce Anderson

There’s a new breed of super sleuths emerging in the virtual world of the web. If you are an Internet troll, cyber criminal or an anonymous defamer you might not be as safe behind your computer as you think you are.

Seemingly hidden behind the protection of the Federal Communication Decency Act 230, there has been a dramatic increase of attacks by anonymous bloggers and posters on social media sites, blogs, and complaint sites by ex-employees, ex-spouses, ex-partners, and competitors. This alarming increase of attacks, most of them done in the privacy

of their own home, and has created a new niche market for Internet detectives, online investigators and cyber sleuths.

These online detectives are being summoned by clients to investigate corporate brand assassinations, extortion and embezzlement, Internet defamation and libel, cyber stalking and harassment, and in general tracking down anonymous attackers that are known as ghosts.

One of the biggest challenges that Internet detectives fine is that 85 to 90% of their investigations are tracking down anonymous attackers, that are hiding behind throwaway e-mail addresses, proxy servers, and rotating IP addresses all for the purpose of being able to attack someone anonymously. We find that many of these online attackers are sociopaths and narcissists that display very aggressive behavior, they think there that are smarter than the average bear, and they typically don’t respond to idle threats and in fact become more aggressive when challenged.

What most of these aggressive Internet trolls don’t realize is regardless of their Internet savvy, they typically leave a significant footprint that is traceable by professional Internet detectives and law-enforcement.


One cyber intelligence agency that we spoke with,(Rexxfield) told us that they are approaching a 90% success rate in tracking down online anonymous antagonists for their clients.

So let’s take a look at what it takes to become an online super sleuth.


First of all there are very few Internet detective agencies worldwide. The reason for this is that the barrier of entry is fairly difficult because this new breed of online detectives are typically ex-law enforcement officers, private investigators or network security analysts, and ethical hackers, that have decided to take their skills and utilize them online to catch criminals, Internet defenders, and hackers. It is very helpful if you have a nose for this stuff because many times what you are really having to do is to think like a criminal, bad guy or hacker in order to catch these anonymous attackers red-handed.



One method that online detectives utilize to catch anonymous attackers is what is called social engineering. This is really the art of understanding the mentality of an online attacker, reverse engineering your way into them, and then setting up traps through the utilization of honeypots,web bugs, and other proprietary tools in order to capture the IP address, location, and Mac addresses of the online attacker. A good social engineer can find you,through your surfing habits, social media, e-mail, blogs, RSS, and even your favorite websites. In other words, if you are an anonymous attacker you really can’t hide if you utilize the web.


Another way that Internet investigators can find you is through the use of Internet forensics to analyze the web and traces that you have left behind while bidding your evil deeds. A good investigator can take one or two pieces of information like an e-mail address or web address and typically then find out a slew of information about you. They can find out things like where you live, how much you pay for your house, what website you own, what social media you’re on, phone numbers, e-mails, friends and Associates, family members, even when you were married. While this is a tedious and time-consuming process, a professional online investigator can hunt you down like a bird dog.


Depending on the circumstances, an online investigator can gain access to your computer, phones, iPods and almost any other electronic device and run digital forensics on those items and find every e-mail, deleted file, deleted pictures or just about anything else that you have placed on those devices. In other words it is practically impossible to hide digital information once they can gain access through legal methods to your electronic devices. They can also zero in on which computers you are using, fingerprint those computers and even identify your location and MAC addresses.


For those cases that are more serious in nature like Internet defamation, cyber stalking, embezzlement, extortion, computer hacking etc. online investigators and detectives utilize legal instruments to produce subpoenas, court orders, online wiretaps and other various tools in order to track down information and evidence worldwide.

If you happen to be a person or company that has come under attack online you also have to understand that a lot of the electronic evidence is perishable and needs to be moved on very quickly in order to capture the evidence needed. The challenge with this is most attorneys are not trained on how to track down electronic evidence nor do they think like hackers or computer web experts. For this reason it is very important that you seek out a professional online investigator that can help close the gap between 20th century tactics in a 21st-century electronic world.

It is important that the persons or firm representing you specialize in Internet law, Internet forensics and privacy.

It is unfortunate that the Internet has both a bad and good side to it. Unfortunately we get numerous calls each day from individuals, celebrities, corporations and dignitaries that have come under serious attack by an anonymous antagonist. In most of these cases the online detective approaches the investigation much likely would murder case. It is the process of tracking down bits and pieces of information and then connecting the dots in a way that positively identifies the attacker. So if you have been thinking about attacking your ex employer, spouse, friends,competitor, or company that you’ve bought goods and services from, you need to make sure that what you say and do are legal and protected by law. Otherwise you may find yourself surprised when you get a knock on the door by your local law enforcement serving you with a warrant or lawsuit for the actions that you have taken online.

About the Author: Rexxfield is a team of online Cyber Specialists that focus their efforts on Cyber Intelligence-Internet Defamation-Reputation Repair for individuals, celebrities, corporations and dignitaries worldwide. East Coast +1 (813) 684-6018 West Coast +1 (408) 916-5977.


Permanent Link:

Exotic Vacation Agency: Vacation Suggestions For Households

Find Out More About:


A vacation agency is typically the major source of suggestions and information concerning vacations. These services investigate the destinations they suggest to their customers in regards to their safety as well as appropriateness for family vacations. Several of these services recommend destinations safe for older individuals and kids if the travelling group is a household searching for fun and sightseeing. They’ll remind the travellers of certain safety measures just to ensure that they know the various difficulties one might encounter. One such precaution an exotic vacation agency might state is to take certain vaccinations prior to visiting destinations outside of the US. Some countries, particularly countries located in the tropics, have diseases that can easily be transmitted to people who have not been vaccinated or immunized against the diseases. As a safety measure, the World Health Organization usually issues statements concerning the likelihood of contagious ailments that are present within the country that the holiday makers want to visit.


Some diseases are not contagious; however certain diseases can be transmitted from animals to humans. Travellers should be cautious when consuming unfamiliar foods, for the reason that such foods can cause stomach upset. This is particularly true for individuals with sensitive stomachs. Raw or fresh food items should be consumed cautiously and only if the food item is obtained from a reliable source for example the hotel restaurant.

Most reliable vacation agencies are not just concerned about the health of the travelling group, but their physical safety also. Certain countries are not appropriate for a vacation, particularly countries that are experiencing political or economic instability. Other safety measures that an exotic vacation agency might suggest are to take good care of travel documents such as passports, and to be wary of thieves and pickpockets who target foreign nationals. Losing one’s money and passport outside of the US can be risky and in such instances, the help of the US embassy might be required. It is always best to listen to as well as take the advice given by the embassy if something goes wrong. Visit the website of McCabe World Travel to learn more regarding the various choices available to you.

Typo3 Agency In India}

TYPO3 Agency in India


Aamy WilliamsTYPO3 providers Company offers the best services in TYPO3 which is the most used, powerful, best open source and professional content management system. We follow TYPO3 coding guidelines and give cost effective, reusable and innovative solutions by the help of our expert team members. Typo3 is a very advance an enterprise level open source CMS Solution and is most popular enterprise level open source CMS Solution used by big companies. The Features include of TYPO3 for Content Editors are Rich Text Editor, Intuitive user interface, Spell checker, Configurable UI levels, Undo / History, Clipboard, Frontend or Backend Editing, Preview Content , Multiple Page Editing, Minimal training required, Internal Shortcuts, “Live” Search & Replace, Wizards, Task Center, Internal search engine and for Site administrators it is Compare Backend Users, Flexform configuration, Multiple sites, Multiple domains, Manage backend users/groups, Switch user, Upgrade / Install Extensions.

We are a TYPO3 Agency, provides CMS Website Design Consulting, TYPO3 CMS Solution Architecture Design, TYPO3 Website Design


, TYPO3 Website Development, TYPO3 Extensions Development & Integration, TYPO3 Website Training, TYPO3 Support & Maintenance. We provide efficient and innovative solutions by integrating and development services on TYPO3 as per the client’s needs keeping in mind the expense, easy to maintain and user-friendly criteria. We provide end-to-end TYPO3 website design solution including CMS Website Design Consulting, TYPO3 CMS Solution Architecture Design, TYPO3 Website Design, TYPO3 Website Development, TYPO3 Extensions Development & Integration, TYPO3 Website Training, and TYPO3 Support & Maintenance.

TYPO3 an open source, enterprise-class content management system which have rich set of features and functionality. The advantage of working with us is you will get Dedicated team/s available at your doorsteps, Continuous and seamless communication via VOIP, Messenger Chats, Emails, etc., 24 x 7 support, Availability of skilled resources anytime for the onsite and offshore development, Highly educated staff members to enable entire communication in English thus to avoid any communication gaps or any misunderstandings, Team leaders, Project leaders and Project Managers well versed with the cultural aspects of the clients, which are of utmost importance to imbibe the thought process from customer’s view point while developing software applications and highly professional and experienced management team that imparts IT vision to the company executive and set the trends for following the latest development standards in the software industry. TYPO3 Agency India provide services such as Site architecture planning, modern web design, standards-compliant XHTML / CSS implementation of designs, Flash development, advanced JavaScript coding, hosting TYPO3 and other open-source applications, creating custom TYPO3 extensions and PHP-based web applications and TYPO3 consulting and training. Our expert and highly qualified developers/programmers has worked in many TYPO3 based projects worldwide.

Come to TYPO3Techie

one of the best TYPO3 Providers and experience fully-scalable Enterprise CMS Solutions.

TYPO3 Techie –

TYPO3 agency India

offers all kind of TYPO3 services like TYPO3 Website, CMS, Portal , web application Development, TYPO3 template design,

TYPO3 Extension development

, TYPO3 Customization, TYPO3 Support and TYPO3 Maintenance job.

Article Source:}

Nursing And Unions, Are You Union Made?

Submitted by: Karen P Williams

It s your first job nursing and you are wondering if joining the local nurses union is a good thing for you. You don t know much about unions and how they work but your father was a union man and he seemed to do okay.

Unions originally came about for the protection of workers who were at the mercy of the employer. Unions were organized to protect the employee from unrealistic work schedules, unsafe work conditions, abusive management practices and proper financial compensation.

A trade or labor union is an organized group of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals in key areas. The union leadership is the bargaining entity that negotiates the labor contracts on behalf of the membership. The negotiations may include salaries, work rules, compensated time off, benefits, complaint procedures, hiring, firing and promotion of workers and anything else that is deemed to be important. The agreements negotiated are binding on the rank and file and the employer and sometimes on non-union workers.


Joining a nurses union is a way of protecting the best interest of yourself and your profession. It gives the nurses an element of control and security over the work they do and the place they do it. A union will give a nurse the opportunity to be part of a united voice and a strong entity of medical professionals.

Belonging to a nursing union has its pro and cons. The upside is the union is the central bargaining agent for the entire membership and since there is strength in numbers, may be able to negotiate for premium wages, better benefits such as health care coverage, more compensated time off, paid holidays, reimbursed continuing education programs and whatever else may be on their agenda. The down side for you is the union interest may not be your interest. Your interest may be continuing education reimbursement, clinical ladder advancement and longevity compensation but the union may decide they are irrelevant issues. They may be more interested in collecting dues rather than address the issues important to you.

An example of how union negotiations might not be beneficial is this: If nurse to patient ratio is an issue, and the union negotiates a low ratio, how is that going to work if there is a shortage of nurses and there aren t enough qualified nurses to go around? Instead of negotiating those terms, perhaps the nurses and management should work together in the spirit of cooperation and come up with ways to encourage people to join the nursing profession and actually have the work force in place to make the low nurse to patient ratio work realistically.

A few questions to ask yourself about joining a nursing union are, does the union create an us versus them mentality? Does it prevent both sides of the table from working together for a common goal or keep the sides from integrating for the betterment of patient care and the medical profession in general? A union has to work for the betterment of all or it won t work for anybody. Does a union make your job nursing more efficient or does it just create more problems? When you answer those questions, you will know if joining a nurses union is for you.

About the Author: If you’re ready to start your

CNA Training

& Certification, we have more great tools and resources on our website


Permanent Link:

Translation And Culture

1 Definition of Translation

Previously, translation was defined with a special emphasis on its linguistic aspect because it was taken for granted that translation merely took place between languages.

In fact, difficulties in translation stem from cultural discrepancies, which exert a great threat to the translator. For truly successful translating, biculturalism is even more important than bilingualism, since words only have meaning in terms of the cultures in which they function. (Nida, 1993:110)


A good translation should be characterized by a relatively proper, full and perfect transference of culturally related messages from the source language to the target language. There are various methods of translation, such as metaphrasing, paraphrasing, explanation, adding, analogy, deletion and rewriting are exploited to attain the end of presenting fluent, comprehensible and informative tourist materials in the target language.

2 Translation and Intercultural Communication

Intercultural communication refers to the communication activities done by people of different cultural backgrounds. It is a dynamic process characterized by continuous information exchange between people of different cultural backgrounds, with language being the medium. Message source, encoding, message, channel, receiver, decoding, response and feedback are eight major communicative elements.(Jia Yuxin, 1997:23) Intercultural communication tries to solve these problems by probing into the causes of communicative barriers and cultural conflicts and into the effective ways of avoiding communicative breakdowns. In this sense, translation of tourist materials is an intercultural communication process between translators representing the source language culture and foreign readers representing the target language culture; the purpose of translation is, therefore, to effectively transfer information, including culture-loaded information to foreign readers.

3 Cultural Distance and Translation

Translation is an activity in which the exchange of two cultures takes place. Apart from bilingual competence, which has always been regarded as an essential requirement for translators, intercultural consciousness is a must for translators. This is particularly true of the translation of tourist materials. Tourist materials offer not only the basic information of a place, but its cultural background as well. If translators were not familiar with the discrepancies between two cultures, it would be impossible for them to achieve an efficient and appropriate communication through translation. Therefore, it is necessary to make some study of the cultural discrepancies from the angle of translation.

Article Source:

About Author:

Aunes Oversettelser ASAuthor: Carmen Wang

Criminal Law Drugs: The Pitfall Of Pills

By Frank Egan – LAC Lawyers

Called; ecstasy, e, ecce, disco biscuits or 3, 4 methyledioxymethylamphetamine (MDMA), MDMA is an increasingly popular party drug. Putting aside any health issues with drug use, one frequently overlooked consideration is that it is illegal in New South Wales. The use sale and supply of MDMA are all criminal offences in New South Wales which could lead to imprisonment.


The use of MDMA is an offence. Thanks partly to the rigors of our legal system and difficulties with proving such an offence, people are not routinely hauled off the dance floor and charged. In some jurisdictions, notably some of our near Asian neighbours, the local constabulary are more robust and have been known to detain persons exhibiting the signs of drug use and forcibly drug test ‘ecstatic’ punters.

If a person is going to be charged with a use offence it is more likely that the person has denounced him or herself. A right to silence exists and no person is obliged to make a statement or talk to police if he or she does not want to. If a person is not charged, then that person can leave the police station and is not obliged to remain and assist the police in their investigations. Things said to hospital staff could theoretically be used against an individual although there would be a string argument that such material should not be used to ground prosecution as it is against public policy for doctor/patient confidentiality to be breached in such a manner. Accordingly, talk to your doctor about your drug use if you have to.


The offence of self administering a prohibited drug carries a maximum penalty of 2 years imprisonment.


Possessing a quantity of a prohibited drug is a criminal offence and the seriousness of the offence depends principally on the amount of the substance possessed. Possession is a legal concept and generally means exclusive possession. If it is in your pocket you possess it. If it is in the living room of a share house you probably do not. If your fingerprints are all over the container in which the drug is found, this is unhelpful.

Drug law in New South Wales places great emphasis on the amount of the drug possessed. Put simply, the more you have on you the more serious the offence. Buying in bulk is not such a great idea and even if you are just getting a few pills for a friend, in the eyes of the law you are a dealer and guilty of the offence of supply prohibited drug. Possession of 5 or so pills can result in a person being deemed a supplier and committing an offence that can result in a term of imprisonment. It is simply wrong to assume that the penalties for possession are slight and that it is only our neighbours to the north that have harsh drug laws.

Pills and Drug Weight

What the law calls admixtures count as the drug weight. for the purpose of State drug offences, the law looks at the total mass of the drug and not pure drug bulk. This means that even if the pill is very low in purity as long as it contains some MDMA, the total bulk of the pill is the amount that counts. From this author’s experience in reviewing police pharmacology reports most pills contain some MDMA. a significant proportion of pills contain no MDMA but some other substance such as caffeine, methylamphetamine (ice) or ketamine (K).

To give you some idea of relative seriousness, what the law calls a ‘small quantity’ of MDMA is up to 0.25 grams, this would be about 1 pill. A person who is found to possess a small quantity commits a criminal offence that is punishable by up to 2 years imprisonment. The tariff for this type of offence is generally a fine. For some reason, the deemed quantities for MDMA are significantly less than some other popular drugs. For example, a ‘small quantity’ of amphetamine or cocaine is 1gram. There is no distinction in sentencing law between soft, medium and hard drugs. Especially in relation to larger amounts, MDMA is considered a serious prohibited drug and harsh penalties apply.

The full force of the law kicks in when a person possesses a trafficable quantity’ of a prohibited drug. For MDMA a ‘trafficable quantity’ is 0.75 grams. This is not a great deal and 5 standard pills would constitute a ‘trafficable quantity’. Once again there is an apparent disparity with other drugs. The trafficable quantity of the arguably more noxious drug, methylamphetamine (Ice) is 3 grams. The possession of a trafficable quantity of a prohibited drug places a person in the situation where he or she can be charged with deemed supply. This is a serious offence that carries a maximum of up to 10 years imprisonment. A person charged with deemed supply has a real risk of going to gaol. Persons found guilty of deemed supplier in possession of say 10 to 15 pills are routinely sentenced to terms of imprisonment. There is a defence of personal use but you still have to admit to possession and if you admit to giving a few pills to another person in the eyes of the law you are a supplier.

The purpose of this article is to alert people to the fact that there are real risks in popping the odd pill. An individual needs to conduct his or her own risk/benefit analysis when considering a certain type of behaviour. There are also ways to minimise risk if behaviour is considered inevitable. Being aware of risk is an important part of minimising risk. Further in the case of drugs if you are caught buying them you are in trouble and the greater the drug weight the more serious the offence and hence the greater the chance of imprisonment. The problem is always was it possession or was it possession and supply. Penalties in the Local Court are constrained but should the police decide to refer the matter to the District Court penalties can rapidly escalate. No one intends to be caught but every now and then they do. The courts are littered with minor and major drug offences. For most it is an unpleasant experience and some a disaster. Unfortunately a criminal conviction for even a minor drug offence is a serious matter and can limit an individual choices well into the future.

About the Author: Frank Egan is the Chief Executive Officer of LAC Criminal Lawyers Sydney and has over 27 years of experience as a lawyer.


Permanent Link: